Religious Ethics and Dialogical Theology
Within a Hindu-Christian Framework
ET-665-2 Fall 2002
course is an opportunity to explore the dialogical dynamic
within a Hindu - Christian framework with a focus on ethical
issues and contextual theology. This will be accompanied by a
more general inquiry into the relationship between dialogical
faith affirmations and religious ethics.
Day, Time and Dates:
from 7:00 p.m. to 9:20 p.m.
Location: Room 205
Visiting Scholar in Theology and Ethics and Faculty,
Bishops College, Calcutta, India
Class web site
Statement of the Purpose/Objectives of the Course:
purpose of the course is the relational convergence of the Hindu
and Christian religious faiths at both the levels of theology and
ethics in the faith experience and practical life in community of
the Hindus and Christians. This is conceived in terms of an
approach in theology of religions called Pluralistic Inclusivism,
which is open to receive insights from other religious experiences
and theologies. The suggestion is to go beyond a comparative
approach to an inter-relational approach,as religious traditions
are not static finished products rather dynamic inter-related
experiences of growth at both the levels of theology and ethics.
Pluralistic Inclusivism stands for dialogical theology and ethics
that encourage the relational convergence of religions, conceiving
on the one hand the divers religious resources of the world as the
common property of humanity and on the other a possible growth in
the richness of each of the religious experiences through mutual
A statement of the
themes that will be covered:
Inclusivism: The perspective from which the study is conducted.
The Sources of Hindu and Christian Ethics: The Vedas, Sutras,
Epics and the darsanas; Biblical basis for Christian Ethics
Karma-Samsara and Dharma.
Purusartha, Asramadharma and Varnadharma.
Christian Ethics and Christian Theology.
Christian Ethics to the Hindu Religio-Cultural Ethos.
for Ethical Reflection: Sex, Marriage and Family; Economic Life;
Alienation and Struggle of the Dalits; Communalism: Its meaning
and Implications etc.
Trinity as Saccidananda.
Christian Interpretations of Jesus.
Neo-Vedantic Interpretations of Christ.
Religious Plurality as a Theological Issue in the Christian Faith.
Role of Pramanas in Hindu-Christian Epistemology.
A convergence of Advaita Vedanta and Eastern Christian Thought.
pages of reading per week; one written assignment of 3000 words
conforming to conventional technical and stylistic standards as
stipulated in the General Guidelines; and an examination. The
weekly reading and the written assignment together will carry25%
and the examination 75% of marks.
Class Meeting Schedule:
above given 13 themes will be covered in the 13 weeks of classes,
one each week.
candidate is free to select any of the sources listed in the
bibliography for the weekly reading.
Examination and Assignment due dates:
should be submitted by the end of October and the examination will
be at the beginning of December.
List of Required
On Hindu Ethics:
Harold G, Julius J. Lipner, Katherine K. Young, Hindu Ethics,
Delhi: Indian Books Centre, 1991;New York: State University of New
S. Cromwell, The Evolution of Hindu Ethical Ideals, Calcutta:
Firma K.L.Mukhopadhyay, 1974;Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press,
1982. Asian Studies at Hawaii, No.28.
Comparative Religious Ethics, Pretoria: University of South
Kedar Nath, Classical Indian Ethical Thought (A Philosophical Stud
of Hindu, Jain and Bauddha Morals, Delhi: Motilal
On Christian Ethics:
J.Russel, Christian Ethics, Delhi: ISPCK,2000.
Somen, Christian Ethics and Indian Ethos, Second Edition,
Revised, Delhi: ISPCK, 1994.
Hunter P.,(ed.&Intro.), Christian Ethics-An Introductory
Reader, Second Edition, Serampore: Senate of Serampore College,
(ed.), Doing Christian Ethics. Context and Perspective,
Bangalore: Board of Theological Education of the Senate of Serampore
K.P., Christian Thought Through Advaita Vedanta, Delhi: ISPCK,
in Neo-Vedanta. A Meeting of Hinduism and Christianity, Delhi:
Kant Publications, 1995.
Role of Pramanas in Hindu-Christian Epistemology, Culcutta:
Convergence of Advaita Vedanta and Eastern Christian Thought,
Delhi: ISPCK, 2000.
Kaj, Pioneers of Indigenous Christianity, Bangalore/Madras:
Dialogue, No.37, June 2001.
S.J., One Christ- Many Religions. Toward a Revised Christology,
Maryknoll: Orbis, 1991; Bangalore: SATHRI, 1992.
Vandana, Living with Hindus. Hindu- Christian Dialogues. My
Experiences and Reflections, Bangalore/Delhi: IJA/ISPCK,1999.
P.S.Sivaswamy, Evolution of Hindu Moral Ideals, Delhi: Nag
Jeff, Choosing Life? Christianity and Moral Problems, London:
Darton, Longman &Todd, 2000.
Prabha, Equality and Justice in East and West, Delhi:
Classical Indian Publications, 1989.
David, Patterns of Action: Religion and Ethics in Comparative
Perspective, Belmont, Ca: Wordsworth Publishing Co, 1987.
Stephen R l, Biology and Christian Ethics, Cambridge; New
York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
S. Cromwell (ed.), World Religions and Global Ethics, New
York: Pentagon House, 1983.
Austin B., Dharma in Hindu Ethics, Calcutta: Firma KLM, 1977
N.K, Hinduism and Christianity, Bombay etc.: Asia Publishing
Timothy J., The Education of Desire: Towards a Theology of the
Senses, London: SCM Press, 2001.
Ronald M., Religion and Moral Reason. A New Method for
Comparative Study, New York& Oxford: Oxford University
Douglas A., Inequality and Christian Ethics, Cambridge; New
York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
B.. Comparative Ethics in Hindu and Buddhist Traditions,
Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1978.
Jayne (ed.), Conscience in World Religions, Leominster:
Gracewing, Notre Dane, IL: University of Notre Dame Press, 1999.
A.D., Ethics of World Religions, London: Greenhaven, 1991.
S., Aspects of Hindu Morality, Delhi: Motilal
Mark D, The Ethics of Sex, Oxford; Malden,M A: Blackwell,
David and Twiss, Summer B, Comparative Religious Ethics, San
Francisco:Harper&Row Publishers, 1978.
R. C., Ancient India, Delhi: Motilal Banersidass, 1964.
Susil Kumar, The Ethic of the Hindus, Third Edition,
Calcutta: University of Calcutta, 1963.
T.M., Dharma According to Manu and Moses, Bangalore:
Dharmaram Publications, 1977.
John, Two Religions. A Comparative Study of some Distinctive
Ideas and Ideals in Hinduism and Christianity, London:
Lutterworth Press, 1950
A., Radhakrishnan on Hindu Moral Life and Action, Delhi:
Concept Publishing, 1978.
Jean, Natural and Divine Law: Reclaiming the Tradition of
Christian Ethics, Ottawa, O N: Novalis, Grand Rapids M I:
Geoffrey, Comparative Religion, London: Sheldon Press, 1977.
N. Ross and Edmund F. Perry, A World Theology. The Central
Spiritual Reality of Humankind, Cambridge etc.:Cambridge
University Press, 1991.
Esther D, The Genesis of Ethics: On the Authority of God as the
Origin of Christian Ethics, London: Darton, Longman &
Cyril S., Glimpses of Strange Land: Studies in Old Testament
Ethics, Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2001.
Roland W., Social Ethics in Modern Hinduism, Calcutta:
Peter, Practical Ethics, Second Edition, Cambridge:
University Press, 1998.
B., Hindu Ethics: An Exposition of the Concept of Good,
Atlantic Highlands,N J: Humanities Press,1984.
Rama Shankar, Comparative religion, New Delhi: Munshiram
Swami, Saccidananda: A Christian Approach to Advaitic Experience,
Delhi: ISPCK, 1974.
, Hindu-Christian Meeting Point: Within the Cave of the
Heart, Bombay/Bangalore:The Institute of Indian
K.P., Harmony of Religions. The Relevance of Swami Vivekananda, Calcutta: Punthi Pustak, 1993.
, The Gospel of Indian
Culture, Calcutta: Punthi Pustak, 1994.
, Dimensions of Indian
Religion. Study, Experience and Interaction, Calcutta: Punthi
, An Indian Jesus from
Sankaras Thought, Calcutta: Punthi Pustak, 1997.
, Theology of
Religions. Birmingham Papers and Other Essays, Calcutta: Moumita,
, Religions in
Christian Theology, Kolkata: Punthi Pustak, 2001.
(Comp. and Intro.), From
Exclusivism to Inclusivism. The theological Writings of
Krishna Mohan Banerjea (1813-1885), Delhi: ISPCK, 1999.
, A Christian Response to the Hindu Philosophical Systems
by Nehemiah Nilakantha Sastri Goreh, Kolkata: Punthi Pustak,
A.J., Christianity as Bhakti Marga, Madras: CLS, 1928.
Wesley, The Bible and People of Other Faiths, Geneva: WCC,
, Hindus and Christians: A Century of Protestant
Ecumenical Thought, Grand Rapids: W.B.Eerdmans, 1991.
Marcus, The Undiscovered Christ..A Review of Recent Developments
in the Christian Approach to the Hindu, Bangalore/Madras: CISRS/CLS,1973.
, Together to the Truth: Comparative Study of Some
Developments in Hindu and Christian Thought since 1800,
Madras/Delhi: CLS/ISPCK, 1971.
Harold (ed.), Hindu-Christian Dialogue. Perspectives and
Encounters, Delhi: Motilal Banersidass ,1993.
Mark, Salvations, New York: Orbis Books, 1995.
Depth of the Riches: A Trinitarian Theology of Religious Ends,
Grand Rapids, Michigan: W. B. Eerdmans, 2001.
V.,P. Chenchiah etal, Rethinking Christianity in India,
Raimundo, The Unknown Christ of Hinduism, Revised and
Enlarged Edition, London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 1981.
Resources for a Just Society. A Hindu-Christian Dialogue,
Gnana, Influence of Hinduism on Christianity, Madurai: TTS,
Living Faiths and Ultimate Goals. A Continuing Dialogue,
Geneva: WCC, 1974.
Israel(ed.), Biblical Insights on Inter-faith Dialogue. Source
Materials for Study and Reflection, Bangalore: BTTBPSA,
Eric J., Faith Meets Faith. Some Christian Attitude to Hinduism
in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, London: SCM,
Hans, Jesus Christ and the Hindu Community. Is a Synthesis of
Hinduism and Christianity Possible?, Anand: Gujarat
Sahitya Prakash, 1988.
Thomas, The Crucified Guru: An Experiment in Cross-Cultural
Christology, Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1994.
,Relating to People of Other Religions: What Every
Christian Needs to Know, Nashville: Abandon Press,1997.
World Community. Resources and Responsibilities for Living together.
Memorandum. Multi-Lateral Dialogue.Colombo, Sri Lanka,17-25 April
1974, Geneva: WCC,1974.
Ishanand,.Krsna and Christ. In the Light of Some of the
Fundamental Concepts and Themes of the Bhagavad Gita and the
New Testment, Anand: Gujarat Sahitya Prakpsh, 1988.