the centuries the portraits of Jesus have varied from age to age
and place to place: ‘Good shepherd’ during the early church
persecutions; ‘cosmic ruler’ during the triumph of Christianity in the
Roman Empire; ‘the
crucified’ in the guilt-ridden late Middle Ages.”
- John Miller
is a much underrated man. To deprive this man of his humanity is to deprive him of his
- Albert Nolan
Christ, his son, who is his word proceeding from silence.”
Ignatius of Antioch (ca. 100 C.E.)
was a great teacher, and gathered around him was a small group of
faithful followers. They
listened to his message and were transformed by it. But the message alienated the power structure of his time,
which finally put him to death but did not succeed in eradicating
his message, which is stronger now than ever.”’ That
description would apply equally to Jesus and Socrates.
But nobody’s ever built a cathedral in honor of Socrates. -Jaroslav
is no historical task which so reveals someone’s true self as
the writing of a Life of Jesus.”
- Albert Schweitzer
do you say that I am?”
-Jesus of Nazareth (Mark 8:29)
Ehrman, Bart D. Lost Scriptures: Books That Did Not Make It into the New Testament.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003 (forthcoming in paperback)
Veli-Matti. Christology: A Global Introduction.
Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2003.
• Miller, John W. Jesus at Thirty: A Psychological and
Historical Portrait. Minneapolis: Augsburg/Fortress, 1997.
• Pelikan, Jaroslav. Jesus Through the Centuries: His Place
in the History of Culture. Yale University Press, 1985.
• Powell, Mark Allan. Jesus as a Figure in History: How
Modern Historians View the Man from Galilee. Louisville, KY:
Westminster John Knox Press, 1998.
•.Tatum, W. Barnes. Jesus at the Movies: A Guide to the First
Hundred Years. Polebridge Press, 1998.
To develop an appreciation of (a) the distinctive
Christology of each of the New Testament authors, with special
attention to the Synoptic Gospels, John, and Paul; (b) the
Christology of the Early church with special attention to the
Apostolic Fathers and the apocryphal Gospels; c) a survey of the
Christology of twenty centuries of Christian devotion and
theology; (d) the
Christology of the arts, with special attention to the novel and
film; (e) the Christology of contemporary Jesus historians.
To develop an acquaintance with the present state of
biblical scholarship and the critical arms of research on the
Jesus question that have developed over the past half century,
including an examination of
the Gospel story and the work of Jesus historians, Borg and
Crossan, and psycho-historians Capps and Miller, in the
perspective of the constructive
critique offered by Hal Childs in The Myth of History and the
Evolution of Consciousness.
To take a step forward toward understanding the
“historical Jesus” whose words, acts, person, and presence
gave rise to twenty centuries of Christological art, architecture,
theology, music, literature, creeds, educational institutions,
hospitals, and agencies of human service.
To work toward a better
understanding of why
it is that Jesus of Nazareth has exercised such a catalytic effect
on the human psyche/soul , as evident not only within the
Christian church and its institutions, but in world religious
tradition and the arts.
To sort out one’s own perspective on Jesus and the
Christological tradition and to consider the implications this might have for the way I get out of bed
following requirements apply especially to students taking the
course for credit or for CEU’s. Non-credit students may
elect to participate in the class reports and special
exegetical studies, given consultation with the instructor.
Consult with instructor on “make-ups” if absences are
Regular attendance and weekly reading assignments (see “Books
for Purchase”). (1/7 of the
Book Review presentation. Select two or three titles from the
attached list of books available in the library, from which you
will select one in the “raffle” assignment at the first class
session, when the date of your review will be assigned.
The review is to include the following: (a) a clear précis
or overview of the book in relation to this course, (b) a brief
discussion of up to ten ideas you have found helpful or
informative, explaining why, and (c) the presentation of one
important issue for class discussion. The reviewer is encouraged
to prepare some “visuals” (hand-outs, chalk-board
outlines, overhead projector transparencies, etc.) to enhance
communication. (Proposed length: 5 pages) (2/7 of the grade)
A one-page, single-spaced amplification
of the symbol” (essay, story, poem, picture, icon, logo) that
most aptly answers for you the question “Who do you say that I
the third last session of the semester (December 1).
(1/7 of grade)
*A Final Project on a theme of the student’s choice, due last
class session. (3/7 of the grade)
(proposed length, 15- 20 pages).
academic papers are to conform to conventional technical,
grammatical and stylistic standards referred to in the General
Guidlines for a Research Paper. The Hartford Seminary Grading
Guidelines will be the standard of evaluation for work in the
Gospel According to Mark: God’s Son of Man and Wounded Healer
Gospel According to Matthew: A New Moses, a Higher Wisdom
The Gospel According to Luke - Acts: The Spirit-Filled
Savior, Then and Now
Gospel According to John : The Word at the Heart of Being
Gospel According to Paul: Second “Adam,” Image of God, and
The Gospel according to the Catholic Epistles and
Revelation: From Shepherd of the Soul to the Invincible Lamb
“The Other Gospels:”
Gnostic Christology and the DaVinci Code
The “Great Church”: From the Apostolic Fathers to Nicea
and the Trinity
Jesus Through the Centuries:
From Nicea to the Twentieth Century
Jesus at the Movies: Christology
through the Camera’s Eye
Revisioning the Quest for the Historical Jesus: Crossan,
Borg, Capps, Miller
Jesus at Christmas: A
Time for Christological Re-conception
Selection List and Bibliography
* = Titles for book review selection. # = Resources on Reserve)
S.J., Lloyd. Imaging the Divine: Jesus and Christ Figures in
Film. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1997.
* Blair, Edward. Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew. New York:
*Borg, Marcus J., Meeting
Jesus Again for the First Time (HarperSanFrancisco, 1994)
* Borg, Marcus, ed. Jesus at 2000. Oxford: Westview Press,
# Bousset, Wilhelm. Kyrios Christos: A History of the Belief in
Christ from the Beginnings of Christiainty to Irenaeus.
Nashville: Abingdon, 1913 .
Broadhead, Edwin K. Naming Jesus: Titular Christology in the
Gospel of Mark,
175. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999.
*#Brown, Raymond E. An Introduction to New Testament
Christology. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist
* Brown, Dan. The DaVinci Code. Doubleday, 2003.
Bultmann, Rudolf. The
Christology of the New Testament. In Faith and
Essays,, 262-85. London: SCM Press, 1969.
* Charlesworth, James H., and Loren L. Johns, eds., Hillel
and Jesus (Fortress, 1997)
* Cobb, John. Christ in a Pluralistic Age. Philadelphia:
*Corley, Kathleen E. and Robert L. Webb, editors. Jesus
and Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ: The Film, The Gospels,
and the Claims of History. London: Continuum, 2004.
*Crossan, John Dominic, and Jonathan L. Reed. Excavating Jesus:
Beneath the Stones, behind the
Texts. San Francisco: Harper SanFrancisco, 2001.
* Crossan, John Dominic, Jesus:
A Revolutionary Biography (Harper, 1994)
. #Cullmann, Oscar. The Christology of the New Testament.
Translated by Shirley C. Guthrie
and Charles A. M. Hall. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1959.
*Due, William J. La. Jesus Among the Theologians: Contemporary
Interpretations of Christ: Trinity Press International, 2001.
*Dumm, Demetrius R. A Mystical Portrait of Jesus: New Perspectives on
Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2001.
Dunn, James D. G. Christology in the Making:
A New Testament Inquiry into the
Origins of the Doctrine of the Incarnation.
Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1980.
.# Ehrman, Bart D. Lost Scriptures: BooksThat Did Not
Make It into the New Testament. Oxford: Oxford University
* Ehrman, Bart D. The Truth Behind the Da Vinci Code: A
Historian Explores What We Really Know about Jesus, Mary Magdalene
and Constantine. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
*Elliott, J. K., ed. The Apocryphal Jesus: Legends of
the Early Church. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 1996.
# Elliott, J. K., ed. The Apocryphal New Testament. Oxford:
Clarendon Press, 1993.
*Evans, Craig, and Paul Copan. Who Was Jesus?: A Jewish-Christian Dialogue. Louisville:
Westminster John Knox, 2002.
* #Fitzmyer, Joseph A. A Christological Catechism: New
Testament Answers. New Revised and Expanded ed. New York:
*Fortna, Robert T. , and Tom Thatcher. Jesus
in Johannine Tradition. Louisville:
Knox Press, 2001.
* Fredricksen, Paula. Jesus
of Nazareth, King of the Jews: A Jewish Life and the Emergence of Christianity. (Alfred A. Knopf, 1999)
* Furnish, Victor Paul. Jesus According to Paul. New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1993.
.Gieschen, Charles A. Angelomorphic Christology: Antecedents
and Early Evidence. Vol. 42,
AGJU. Leiden: Brill, 1998.
.Green, Joel B., and Max Turner, ed. Jesus of Nazareth, Lord
and Christ: Essays on
the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology. Grand
Rapids:: Wm. B. Eerdmans
Publishing Co., 1994.
. #Grillmeier, Aloys. Christ in Christian Tradition: From the
Apostolic Age to Chalcedon.
2nd ed. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1975.
. #Haight, Roger. Jesus Symbol of God. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis,
. Hengel, Martin. The Atonement:
The Origins of the Doctrine in the New Testament.
.Hengel, Martin. The Charismatic Leader and His Followers.
New York: Crossroads, 1981.
.Hengel, Martin. The Son of God.
The Origin of Christology and the History of Jewish-Hellenistic
Philadelphia: Fortress, 1976.
#Hennecke, Edgar, ed. New Testament Apocrypha, I. Edited by
Wilhelm Schneemelcher. Two
vols. Vol. One. Gospels and Related Writings. Philadelphia:
#Hennecke, Edgar, ed. New Testament Apocrypha, II. Edited
by Wilhelm Schneemelcher. Two
vols. Vol. Two: Writings Relating to the Apostles;
Apocalypses and Related Subjects. Philadelphia: Westminster,
* Horsley, Richard A., and Neil Asher Silberman. The
Message and the Kingdom: How Jesus and Paul Ignited a Revolution
and Transformed the Ancient World. (Fortress, 2002)
*Hurtado, Larry W. Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity.
*Inbody, Tyron. The Many Faces of Christology. Nashville:
.Johns, Loren. The Lamb
Christology of the Apocalypse of John: An Investigation into
its Origins and
Rhetorical Force. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2004.
*Johnson, Elizabeth. Consider Jesus: Waves of Renewal in
Christology. New York: Crossroad
Publishing Co., 1990.
* Johnson, Luke Timothy. The Real Jesus: The Misguided Quest
for the Historical Jesus and the Truth of the Tradition of the
Gospels. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1996.
.#Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti. Christology: A Global
Introduction. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2003.
*Khalidi, Tarif, ed. The Muslim Jesus: Sayings and Stories in Islamic Literature.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.
Kingsbury, Jack Dean. The Christology of Mark.
Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983.
Kingsbury, Jack Dean. Matthew: Structure, Christology, Kingdom. Philadelphia: Fortress
*Kolbell, Erik. What Jesus Meant. Louisville, KY:
Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.
* Krieg, Robert A. Story-Shaped Christology: The Role of
Narratives in Identifying Jesus
Christ. New York: Paulist, 1988.
Lapham, Fred. An Introduction to the New Testament Apocrypha.
New York: T&T Clark, 2003.
Lee S.M., Bernard J. Jesus and the Metaphors of God: The
Christs of the New Testament:. Vol.
2, Conversation on the Road Not Taken Series.
Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 1993.
*Longenecker, Richard N. The Christology of Early Jewish
Christianity. Oxford: Blackwell,
*#Matera, Frank J. New Testament Christology. Louisville:
John Knox/ Westminster, 2000.
* McGarry CSP, M. Christology After Auschwitz. New York:
*Merrigan, T., and J. Haeers. The Myriad Christ: Plurality and
the Quest for Unity in Contemporary Christology. Vol. 152, Bibliotheca
Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensiuim. Herndon,
VA: Peeters, 2000.
*Meyer, Marvin and Charles Hughes, editors. Jesus
Then and Now: Images of Jesus in History and Christology.
Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2001.
*Nelson-Pallmeyer, Jack. Jesus Against Christianity:
Trinity Press International, 2001.
*Neville, Robert Cummings. Symbols of Jesus: A Christology of
York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
* #Neyrey SJ, Jerome H. Christ is Community: The Christologies
of the New Testament. Edited
by Robert J. Karris OFM. Vol. 13, Good New Studies. Wilmington,
DE: Michael Glazier, 1985.
.Neyrey, Jerome H. An Ideology of Revolt:
John’s Christology in Social-Science
Perspective.Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1988.
* Niebuhr, H. Richard. Christ and Culture. New York: Harper
and Brothers, 1951.
.O'Collins, Gerald. Christology: A Biblical, Historical, and
Systematic Study of Jesus Christ.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
* O'Collins SJ, Gerald. What Are They Saying About Jesus?
New York: Paulist, 1977.
* Pagels, Elaine. The Gnostic Gospels: A Startling Account of
the Meaning of Jesus and the Origin of Christianity Based on
Gnostic Gospels and Other Secret Texts. New York: Random
* Parrinder, E. Jesus in the Qur'an. London: Faber and
* Patterson, Stephen J., The
Gospel of Thomas and Jesus (Polebridge, 1993)
*Peterson, Eugene H. Christ Plays in Ten Thousand Places: A
Conversation in Spiritual Theology.
Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2004.
* Phipps, William E., The
Sexuality of Jesus (Pilgrim, 1996)
*Placher, William C. Jesus the Savior: The Meaning of Jesus Christ for Christian Faith.
Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2001.
*Prothero, Stephen. American Jesus: How the Son of God Became a
National Icon. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004.
*Riley, Gregory J. One Jesus, Many Christ's: How Jesus Inspired
Not One True Christianity, But Many: The Truth About Christian
Origins. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco,
# Robinson, James M., ed. The Nag Hammadi Library. San
Francisco: Harper and Row, 1977.
.Rollins, Wayne G. The Gospels, Portraits of Christ.
Philadelphia: Westminster, 1964.
.Sanders, J. T. The New Testament Christological Hymns.
Their Historical Religious
Background. New York-London: Cambridge University
*Schaberg, Jane. The Resurrection of Mary Magdalene: Legends,
Apocrypha, and the Christian Testament. New York: Continuum,
*Schillebeeckx, Edward. Christ: The Experience of Jesus as Lord. New York: Crossroad,
* Sloyan, Gerard. The Jesus Tradition:
Images of Jesus in the West. Mystic, CT:
*Spencer, F. Scott. What Did Jesus Do?
Gospel Portrayals of Jesus' Personal Conduct:
*Stern, Richard C. Savior on the Silver Screen. Mahwah, NJ:
*Stewart, Elizabeth-Anne. Jesus the Holy Fool. Franklin,
WI: Sheed & Ward, 1999.
* Swidler, Leonard and Paul Mojzes, eds., The
Uniqueness of Jesus: A Dialogue with Paul F. Knitter (Orbis,
Vincent. The Names of Jesus. London: MacMillan and Co.,
# Taylor, Vincent. The Person of Christ in New Testament
Teaching. London: MacMillan and Co., Ltd., 1959.
*Tuckett, Christopher. Christology and the New Testament: Jesus
Earliest Followers. Louisville: Westminster, 2001.
*Vermes, Geza. The Changing Faces of Jesus. New York:
Penguin Putnam, 2001.
*Walsh, Richard. Reading
the Gospels in the Dark: Portrayals of Jesus in Film.
Harrisburg, Pa.: Trinity Press International,, 2003.
*Wink, Walter. The Human Being: Jesus and The Enigma of the Son
of the Man. Minneapolis:
* Wink, Walter The Powers
That Be: Theology for a
New Millennium (Doubleday, 1999)
* Witherington, Ben. The Christology of Jesus. Minneapolis:
* Zelensky, Elizabeth, and Lela Gilbert. Windows to Heaven:
Introducing Icons to Protestants and Catholics: Brazos Press,
* Ziolkowski, Theodore. Fictional Transfigurations of Jesus.
Princeton University Press, 1972.